What is Hamas? The History and Its Evolution Explained!

A Force committed to resolve the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict.


The Israeli-Palestinian conflict is a long-standing and deeply complex struggle, with many organizations and political parties playing significant roles. Among them, Hamas, formally known as Harakat al-Muqawama al-Islamiya or the Islamic Resistance Movement, is a prominent and controversial entity.

This article takes you into the history and evolution of Hamas, tracing its roots from its founding to its current status as a multifaceted player in the ongoing Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

Founding and Early Years

Hamas emerged in 1987 during the First Intifada, a Palestinian uprising against Israeli occupation. Founded by Sheikh Ahmed Yassin and other Palestinian activists, the organization’s primary aim was to resist Israeli presence in Palestinian territories. It combined political and militant strategies to achieve its goals, vowing to liberate Palestine from Israeli control.


Initially, Hamas was primarily focused on social services, filling gaps in Palestinian society left by the absence of a centralized government. It provided education, healthcare, and other community-based programs, winning support among Palestinian civilians who were struggling under occupation.

Shift Towards Militancy

While Hamas began as a predominantly social and political organization, it gradually shifted its focus towards militancy. Suicide bombings, rocket attacks, and other forms of armed resistance against Israeli forces became central to its strategy. This transformation led to Hamas’s designation as a terrorist organization by several countries and international entities.

Political Participation

Hamas’s evolution also included participation in Palestinian elections. In 2006, it won the legislative elections in the Palestinian territories, giving it a significant political foothold. This victory resulted in Hamas’s control of the Gaza Strip, while the West Bank remained under the control of Fatah, a rival Palestinian political party.

Governing Gaza

Hamas’s rule in Gaza, which began in 2007, marked a crucial turning point in the organization’s history. The international community, led by Israel and the United States, condemned Hamas’s control in Gaza, further complicating the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The ongoing Israeli blockade and three major conflicts (2008-2009, 2012, and 2014) between Hamas and Israel have left Gaza in a state of severe hardship.

Political Dilemma

Hamas’s evolution has presented a political dilemma. On one hand, its militant actions have led to violent confrontations and civilian casualties. On the other hand, its social services and political victories demonstrate that it enjoys a significant base of support among Palestinians.

International Reactions

Hamas remains a highly contentious entity in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. While some countries and organizations consider it a legitimate political party, others, particularly Israel and the United States, view it as a terrorist organization. The international community remains divided on how to engage with Hamas and address the broader conflict.


Hamas’s history is intertwined with the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, marked by its evolution from a grassroots organization providing social services to a significant political and militant force. The complex nature of this organization has made it a central issue in attempts to resolve the ongoing conflict. Understanding its history is essential in comprehending the broader dynamics of the Israeli-Palestinian struggle and the challenges facing the quest for peace in the region.

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Hi, I’m Dr. Tayyab Qazi

Dr. Tayyab Qazi with his Ph.D. (Japan), MBA (Pak), COM (Malaysia), is a Leadership Coach, Entrepreneurship Mentor, Tech Solutions Consultant, Business Doctor & Professor.

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